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N3517A Understanding X-Parameters

3   Days | Classroom Training | Where & When | Advantages of Keysight Training

Audience: Designers interested in understanding X-parameters* and their capabilities for non-linear system modeling and design.

Using Keysight EEsof EDA's Advanced Design System software, this three-day, hands-on course will present the fundamentals of X-parameters, their application for non-linear amplifiers and advantages over other behavioral modeling techniques.

* "X-parameters" is a registered trademark of Keysight Technologies. The X-parameter format and underlying equations are open and documented. For more information click here.

What you will Learn

  • Definition of X-parameters
  • Physical meaning of X-parameters
  • Cross-frequency phase and phase-reference
  • Measuring X-parameters in simulation and in hardware
  • Using X-parameters in practical design applications


  • Knowledgeable in ADS analog design environment and data-display post-processing
  • Good understanding of time-domain and frequency-domain simulation
  • Good understanding of relationships between time-domain and frequency-domain (spectral analysis and synthesis)
  • Good understanding of design principle and measurement techniques for non-linear systems with emphasis on amplifier design
  • Good understanding of S-parameters and their measurement


  • Day One
    • Technology Review
    • Fundamental Concepts in X-parameter Definition
    • The X-parameter Behavioral Model and the PHD Model
  • Day Two
    • The Cross-Frequency Phase
    • X-parameters versus Other Behavioral Models
    • Cascading Non-Linear Amplifiers
    • X-parameters and Modulated Signals
  • Day Three
    • X-parameter Model under Load Pull Conditions
    • Re-Using Existing Sub-Systems in New Designs

Where & When

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Prices shown are list prices and are subject to change without notice. Terms & Conditions