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Spectrum Analysis Basics - Application Note
This application note (also known as AN 150) explains the fundamentals of swept-tuned, superheterodyne spectrum analyzers and discusses the latest advances in spectrum analyzer capabilities.

Application Note 2014-02-25

Understanding the Fundamental Principles of Vector Network Analysis - Application Note 1287-1
This application note explores the fundamental principles of vector network analysis. The discussion includes the common parameters (S-parameters). RF fundamentals such as transmission lines and the Smith chart will also be reviewed.

Application Note 2012-12-07

8 Hints for Making Better Measurements Using RF Signal Generators Application Note
This application provides 8 hints for improving the accuracy of your measurements using RF signal generators.

Application Note 2012-06-27

PDF PDF 1.35 MB
Making Accurate Intermodulation Distortion Measurements with the PNA-X (1408-17) – Application Note
This application note describes accuracy considerations when using the Keysight PNA-X microwave network analyzer for two-tone intermodulation distortion measurements.

Application Note 2012-03-05

Specifying Calibration Standards and Kits for Keysight Vector Network Analyzers (AN 1287-11)
This paper discusses calibration standard definitions, calibration kit content, and its structure requirements for Keysight's vector network analyzers. Also provided are set up examples and how to modify an existing calibration kit definition file.

Application Note 2011-03-28

Fundamentals of RF and Microwave Noise Figure (AN 57-1)
This 32-page, black-and-white application note providesinformation on RF and Microwave noise figure measurementts. Topics include noise figure and temperature, noise characteristics of two-port networks, and the measurement of noise figure.

Application Note 2010-08-05

Improved Throughput in Network Analyzer Applications (AN 1287-5)
This Application Note explores a variety of throughput issues and how they might affect different applications. It suggests ways to improve network analyzer performance for better throughput in specific situations, and how to get an accurate picture of how an analyzer's performance might impact...

Application Note 2010-03-15

PNA - Banded Millimeter-Wave Measurements (AN 1408-15)
Contains banded millimeter-wave system configurations, system operation, system calibration, and typical measurement examples.

Application Note 2009-11-24

8 Hints for Making Better Spectrum Analyzer Measurements (AN 1286-1)
This application note provides eight pertinent hints for making better spectrum analyzer measurements such as measuring low level signals and indentifying internal distortion products.

Application Note 2009-09-07

Fundamentals of RF and Microwave Power Measurements (AN 1449) - Application Note
Keysight's Fundamentals of RF and Microwave Power Measurements, application note (AN 1449-1/2/3/4).

Application Note 2009-06-05

Boosting PLL Design Efficiency From free-running VCO characterizations to closed-loop PLL evaluation
This application note describes introduces practical solutions for VCO/PLL performance evaluation and gives actual examples of parameter measurements using the E5052B.

Application Note 2008-11-21

Achieving Fast Design Cycle Time
This application note describes how fast cycle time is achieved using the impedance analyzer such as the E4991A and 4294A with the Electronic Design Automation (EDA) tools.

Application Note 2008-11-13

Building Hybrid Test Systems. Ensuring success in two common development scenarios - Application Not
Application Note 1465-33. When you migrate to a hybrid system that includes LXI along with GPIB, VXI, PXI, or any other architecture, two scenarios are most typical, minimum development time and maximum overall performance

Application Note 2008-10-15

Best of 8 Hints for Making Better Oscilloscopes Measurements
Keysight engineers sharing ideas of how to use the equipment they design

Application Note 2008-03-17

PDF PDF 320 KB
PNA - Pulsed-RF S-Parameter Measurements Using Wideband and Narrowband Detection (AN 1408-12)

Application Note 2007-11-28

Measuring Power-Added Efficiency (PAE) with PNA Network Analyzers (1408-16) – Application Note

Application Note 2007-10-09

8 Hints for Solving Common Debugging Problems with Your Logic Analyzer (AN 1326)

Application Note 2007-04-19

Bluetooth® RF Measurement Fundamentals - Application Note
Bluetooth® is an open specification for a wireless personal area network. It provides limited range RF connectivity for voice and data transmissions between information appliances.

Application Note 2006-10-12

PNA - Amplifier Swept-Harmonic Measurements (1408-8)
This application note cover testing an amplifiers harmonics, using (MW) PNA Series of vector network analyzers. Linear parameters, such as gain and return loss are covered in Application Note 1408-7.

Application Note 2006-08-14

PNA - Amplifier-CW and Swept IMD Measurements (1408-9)
This application note covers testing an amplifier's intermodulation-distortion products, using (MW) PNA Series of vector network analyzers.

Application Note 2006-08-08

PNA - Amplifier Linear and Gain Compression Measurements (1408-7)
Application note covering testing of an amplifier's linear S-parameters and gain compression using Keysight's microwave PNA Series of vector network analyzers.

Application Note 2006-08-08

Improving Meas. and Calibration Accuracy using the Frequency Converter (1408-3) – Application Note
Improving Measurement and Calibration Accuracy Using the Frequency Converter Application - AN 1408-3

Application Note 2006-08-08

8510 Calibration Standard Definitions (AN 8510-5B)
This Product Note covers methods for specifying calibration standards and describes the procedures for their use with the Keysight 8510 Network Analyzer.

Application Note 2006-07-13

PDF PDF 1.12 MB
8510 Calibration - Measuring Noninsertable Devices (PN 8510-13)
The majority of devices used in real-world microwave systems are noninsertable because of the connectors employed.

Application Note 2006-07-13

PDF PDF 261 KB
Comparison of Different Jitter Analysis Techniques With a Precision Transmitter
This white paper describes how various jitter analysis techniques give dissimilar results. Which is right? We built a precision jitter transmitter to compare results of different techniques where test sets were exposed to known levels of jitter.

Application Note 2006-04-06

PDF PDF 164 KB

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